NEW YORK. New York, America's largest city, is the national leader in business, finance, manufacturing, the service industries

New York, America's largest city, is the national leader in business, finance, manufacturing, the service industries, fashion and the arts. Its recorded history begins with an Italian navigator, Giovanni da Verrazano, who around 1524 sailed into the present New York bay. In 1609 Captain Henry Hudson explored the harbor and the river, later named after him. In 1624 Dutch colonists arrived and settled the permanent settlement, named New Amsterdam. The following year the Dutch West Indian Company bought the whole island of Manhattan from Indians for a few trinkets. Dutch was the official language of New Amsterdam, but before its population reached NEW YORK. New York, America's largest city, is the national leader in business, finance, manufacturing, the service industries 500 it was reported that 18 different languages were spoken there. In 1663 the colony was captured by the British fleet under Duke of York and renamed New York, but the Dutch and those who came with them stayed, so far from the very first years of its existence New York was truly an international city.

New York was active in the colonial opposition to Britain and several battles were fought in this area. In 1778 the British seized the city and controlled it for the rest of the War. When in November 1783 the Americans returned, they found New York in a very NEW YORK. New York, America's largest city, is the national leader in business, finance, manufacturing, the service industries poor state. Out of its 4.000 buildings, about 1,000 had been burned and the rest were hardly inhabitable. An energetic program of general reconstruction was launched. Within the next four years population doubled and in 1800 reached 60,000. By 1815the value of imports arriving in New York harbor was double of that of Boston and three times that of Philadelphia, the major colonial ports before the Revolutionary War. The construction of the Erie Canal, the bridge canal between Buffalo, on Lake Erie, and Albany, on the Hudson, was completed in 1825. It cut travel time one-third, shipping costs nine-tenth, opened the Great Lakes area NEW YORK. New York, America's largest city, is the national leader in business, finance, manufacturing, the service industries and made New York City chief Atlantic port of the USA. The opening of the Erie Canal accelerated even more the expansion of the city, already the nation's largest.

After the Civil War of 1861-1865, industrial development quickened and brought a massive wave of immigration from all over the world. During the 19th century the city expanded northwest from the tip of Manhattan and by 1784 included the whole island as well as the territory of the present Bronx. In 1898 New York assumed its present boundaries, annexing Brooklyn, Queens and Staten Island.

76. According to the passage, the settlement NEW YORK. New York, America's largest city, is the national leader in business, finance, manufacturing, the service industries on the Hudson River was started by______.

A. Captain Henry Hudson

B. Giovanni da Verrazano

C. the Dutch West Indian Company

D. immigrants from the Netherlands

77. Which of the following is nottrue?

A. The British fleet occupied New Amsterdam.

B. The Dutch West Indian Company bought the settlement for a few trinkets.

C. New Amsterdam was renamed New York in honor of Duke of York.

D. New Amsterdam was an international city.

78. The plan for general reconstruction was adopted because ____ .

A. the population of New York doubled

B. New Yorkers took an active part in the Revolutionary War

C. 5,000 houses were burned

D. 3,000 houses were hardly inhabitable

79. Which NEW YORK. New York, America's largest city, is the national leader in business, finance, manufacturing, the service industries of the following is true?

A. Before the Revolutionary War Boston was the largest colonial port.

B. Before the Revolutionary War New York was the largest colonial port.

C. After the Revolutionary War the port of Philadelphia was larger than the port of Boston.

D. During the Revolutionary War the port of New York was larger than the port of Boston.

80. Why was the construction of Erie Canal so important?

A. Erie Canal made New York the major port of the US.

B. Erie Canal decreased travel fare three times.

C.Goods were transported at a lower price.

D NEW YORK. New York, America's largest city, is the national leader in business, finance, manufacturing, the service industries. Due to the construction of Erie Canal the Great Lakes were discovered.


Task 4. Synonyms (5 points)

Match the words similar in meaning from the two columns. Mark your answer on the answer sheet.

81. launch A. capture
82. accelerate B. quicken
83. permanent C. registered
84. seize D. start
85. recorded E. constant

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